PERIODONTICS
What is Periodontics?
The term "periodontal" means "around the teeth", thus, Periodontics is the field of dental medicine responsible for preventing and treating diseases that affect the gums and around the dental bone.

Diseases

Diseases associated with Periodontics

Gingivitis and periodontitis are the most common manifestations of periodontal disease and should be controlled as these are chronic bacterial infections, which if left untreated can have serious consequences, such as tooth loss.
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Gingivitis

If you have symptoms such as red, inflamed, bleeding gums, you may have gingivitis! The first step after noticing these warning signs is to make an appointment with a dentist who specialises in Periodontics to identify the source of the problem and to indicate appropriate treatment.
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Periodontitis

Untreated gingivitis affects the fibres and the dental bone thus causing periodontitis. As a result, tissue destruction and weakened teeth generate tooth loss.
Periodontal Disease

The causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease is a major cause of tooth loss. Although no specific reason for its onset is identified, there are risk factors that enhance its development.

There are several risk factors that contribute to the onset of periodontal disease.

Genetic predisposition

Studies show that over 30% of the population may be genetically susceptible to gum disease.

Smoking

Smokers are the most likely victims of periodontal disease as they are at the highest risk of having the disease develop and progress.

Systemic diseases

Diseases that interfere with the immune system can affect oral health.

Medicines

Certain medicines, such as oral contraceptives, antidepressants and anticonvulsants may affect your oral health.

Bruxism (teeth-grinding)

If you often grind your teeth during sleep, be aware that you are putting pressure on the areas around your teeth, accelerating the destruction of periodontal tissues.

Pregnancy

During pregnancy and puberty, oral care should be doubled. Constant hormonal changes can affect various body tissues.

Stress

Some studies show that stress can become a barrier to the body as it can impair protection against infections, including periodontal disease.

Poor diet

A diet that is low in essential nutrients can compromise the immune system and make it harder for the body to protect itself against infections.
The symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Sensitive teeth
Swelling
Bleeding
Gum retraction
Bad breath
Wobbly teeth

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